L. M. E. Shaw
Religion and Religious Institutions
The Anglican chaplaincies of St. George's, Lisbon, and St. James', Oporto, are known to have come into being during the seventeenth century, but the records held by the churches themselves give only a shadowy outline of their early years. Recent research has shown, however, that both chaplaincies owe their beginnings to the determination of English merchants to obtain the right to practise the Protestant faith in Portugal, even though Portugal was at what time perhaps the most strongly Roman Catholic country in Europe.
England had become a Protestant nation during the sixteenth century, but Protestant merchants and their families living in Spain and Portugal were not able to practise their religion openly.
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