A. R. Walford
British Community and Family History
What purports to be a Census of British subjects in Lisbon, and evidently made at the request of the great Marquis himself (the Marquez de Pombal), is to be seen in a five page document included with many others in a collection of «Pombaline» papers archived in the Biblioteca Nacional in Lisbon.
Here, spread out before us in a scribe's fine though slowly fading handwriting, is the most complete picture yet seen of an entire British community existing in Lisbon somewhere about the middle of the eighteenth century. Not in alphabetical sequence but rather in a classified order of social status and commercial importance (not strictly adhered to throughout) are enumerated the names of the seemingly better well-to-do followed by those of apparently lesser means until, towards the end, we find those of more modest pretensions. This very choice of arrangement, however, provides us with a kind of panoramic view of the British community at that time, the picture being enhanced by the inclusion of such modest vocations as those listed under the designation of «Shoemakers», «Taverners», «Coopers», «Starch & Ironers», etc., together with the names of their assistants.
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