By using this website you are consenting to our policy for the use of cookies. For further information, consult our policy for the use of cookies and privacy, where you can disable them.




José Matos and Zélia Oliveira



Newsletter 22




Subject Matter:


Portuguese History



On 25 April 1974, a movement of young captains brought down, with practically no resistance, the dictatorial regime that had been in power in Portugal for over 40 years. In the early hours of that day, a military movement unleashed a series of operations that, in less than 24 hours, defeated the forces loyal to the regime, neutralising any possibility of reaction. Few government forces resisted the insurgents, with the only resistance worthy of note coming from the political police who, in the heat of the revolution, opened fire on the surrounding crowd causing four deaths. In the streets of Lisbon, the people enthusiastically joined the military revolt and started offering food, drinks, and red carnations to the soldiers, who decided to stick them in the barrels of their rifles, making the revolt known as the Carnation Revolution. Although it began with a military coup d'état, the 25th of April eventually paved the way for democracy.


Download the article here.

      View All Articles