NEWSLETTER Nº4 . APRIL 2020
INTRODUCTION

Dear Reader,

 

Unfortunately, due to restrictions imposed on us all due to the COVID-19 virus, the Society has had to postpone events planned for April and May. The Council of the Society do wish members well in these difficult times and we look forward to the resumption of our convivial activities in due course.

 

Meanwhile, we are rapidly loading articles from past Annual Reports onto our website. The Council is grateful for the hard work of members Dani Monteiro and Andrew Shepherd to scan and upload these articles and suggests that this period of self-isolation is a good opportunity to browse the Society’s website on https://www.bhsportugal.org

 

We are also redoubling our efforts to provide you with some interesting and informative Newsletters. The theme of this issue is "Slavery". Both Britain and Portugal have a less-than-distinguished past as slave traders and slave owners, although we obviously prefer to remember those who led the cause of abolition, William Wilberforce and the Marquês de Sá da Bandeira. 

 

With the intriguing title of "Two statues and a living legend", the first article considers the stories behind the statue of Sá da Bandeira at Cais do Sodré in Lisbon and the statue of "Queen Njinga" in Luanda, Angola. As for the legend, you will have to read the article. Our second article draws on two past Annual Report articles, about David Livingstone in Africa and the British Quaker Chocolate producers (Cadbury's, Fry's and Rowntree's), to discuss conflicts between the British and the Portuguese slave trade, after abolition in Britain.

 

At this time, when you are required to be housebound, you may like to consider searching around your house for old documents or other memorabilia that could form the basis for a future Newsletter article. We'd also welcome suggestions for articles and we'd be delighted to hear from you if you'd like to have a go at writing one yourself. 

 

 

Edward Godfrey

Chairman of the British Historical Society of Portugal

 

NEWS see more News here

MARCH 14, 2020

BHSP Library temporarily closed

Closure due to closure of St Julian's school

READ MORE

MARCH 12, 2020

Battle of Vimeiro Interpretation Centre

The Interpretation Centre reopened on February 29 after extensive re-organisation

READ MORE
EVENTS see more Events here

SEPTEMBER 11, 2020

Weekend trip to Mértola, the Minas de São Domingos and Beja ... NEW DATE

Including a visit to the Cathedral in Beja

READ MORE

FEBRUARY 13, 2020

Report on a talk on "The Wandering Princess" - the sister of D. Amélia of Portugal

By the author of the biography by the same name, The Revd. Ed Hanson

READ MORE
ARTICLES see more Articles here

Slavery: The Crossed Paths of the British and Portuguese

Author: Andrew Shepherd

Report:

Page: 0

Year: 2020

Subject Matter: NA

READ MORE

Two Statues and a Living Legend: Reminders of Slavery

Author: N.L. Taylor

Report:

Page: 0

Year: 2020

Subject Matter: NA

READ MORE

Did you know?

June 3rd 2020 marks the 50th anniversary of the death of Aníbal Augusto Milhais. He was the most decorated Portuguese soldier of World War I and became known as “Soldier Millions” (Milhões) because he was said to be worth a million men.

 

On April 9, 1918, Milhais took part in the disastrous battle known in Portugal as "The Battle of La Lys".  He found himself covering the withdrawal of Portuguese and Scots soldiers. Within a few hours, 1,938 men had been killed, 5,198 wounded and about 7,000 taken prisoner. Milhais was in charge of a Lewis gun and when the Germans attacked his division he laid down intensive fire against assaults by two regiments, causing many German casualties, and covering the retreat of Portuguese and Scots soldiers, despite coming under heavy attack himself. 

 

Milhais stayed at his post until he ran out of ammunition but then found himself at the rear of the enemy lines. After three days he rescued a Scottish major from a swamp, and the two reached Allied lines.

 

A few months later, Milhais once again held back a German assault single-handedly with his Lewis gun, allowing a Belgian unit to retreat safely to a secondary trench without casualties. He was awarded the highest Portuguese distinction, the Order of the Tower and Sword (Antiga e Muito Nobre Ordem Militar da Torre e Espada, do Valor, Lealdade e Mérito) as well as the French Légion d'Honneur, delivered on the battlefield before 15,000 Allied soldiers.

 

After the war he married and had nine children. With the Portuguese economy in a bad way Milhais had difficulty providing for his family. The Portuguese government had promised to help, but instead of an allowance it named the village where he was born after him. This left him more famous but still poor and in early 1928 he emigrated to Brazil, where the Portuguese residents received him as a hero. When they realized that Milhais was poor, the community gathered funds to send him back to Portugal with enough money to provide for his family.  In August of the same year he returned to Portugal and to life as a farmer. He eventually received a small pension.

 

Aníbal Milhais died on June 3, 1970, in the village named after him, Valongo de Milhais.

Every Quarter the BHSP Newsletter will share a fact of historic or cultural interest related to Britain or Portugal. If you know of any such a fact or facts related to Anglo Portuguese relations, please send the information in good time to the BHSP Librarian at library@bhsportugal.org

Appeal to families

Two books have recently been lent to the BHS by Francisco Custodio Campbell (congenially known to many in Sintra as “Franky” Campbell).  Franky's grandparents spent their last years in Linhó, close to Sintra, after many adventures and mishaps in South Africa, England and Europe at the turn of the last century. The books are Bloomsbury and Beyond by Joseph Pearce, subtitled The Friends and Enemies of Roy Campbell, and The Rare and Beautiful by Cressida Connolly, a lesser-known biography of the Garman siblings, who were part of the Bloomsbury set between the two world wars. The eldest, Mary Garman, married Roy Campbell and was in the car when he was killed in a crash in 1957.

 

Should you have any documents, articles or photographs pertaining to the subject (Portugal at the turn of the 20th century) or to the life-stories of Roy Campbell and Mary in Sintra, which could be used to draft an article by the BHS later in the year, please contact the BHS Team at library@bhsportugal.org.  

__________________

If you would like to contribute articles to the Newsletters, or if you have suggestions for other topics you would like to be covered by articles, please get in touch through library@bhsportugal.org


 

When sorting through your attics and/or cupboards, you might come across letters or diaries or articles or postcards or stamps that you think would be of interest to the BHSP and its Members. Please contact our Librarian to discuss the matter further on library@bhsportugal.org. All objects handed over to the BHSP Library will be logged either for further reference by researchers, for recovery at a later date or to be listed as a permanent donation (with the relevant documents) to the BHSP.
 

Quiz

Where can you find this azulejo and what is special about it?

The answer to the quiz appears at the end of the Members' News section

 

Every Quarter in the BHSP Newsletter you will be shown a mystery object. Please feel free to write in to the BHSP Librarian at library@bhsportugal.org to tell us more about the mystery object in question.

 

 

50 Years Ago

The following are extracts from items that appeared in editions of the Anglo-Portuguese News in the second quarter of 1970.

 

18 April 1970

Lisbon Sports Club – Cricket – New Zealand team

 

L.S.C play host next week to the New Zealand Ambassadors team. The team includes players on the verge of Test cricket and indeed most have Plunkett Shield experience. The Ambassadors are on a kind of world tour.

 

A cocktail party is being held in their honour at the British Embassy on 22 April; next day there is an informal luncheon at the Royal British Club, and on 25 April there will be a Buffet Supper Dance at Carcavelos.

 

The actual cricket will consist of two one-innings games: on Friday, April 24, starting at 2.30 pm and on Saturday, April 25, starting at 11.30, at Quinta Nova, Carcavelos.

 

Match reports appeared in the 2 May edition. The Ambassadors narrowly won the first match and the second match was a draw.

 

The Plunkett Shield is the name of the New Zealand first class domestic cricket championship!

 

18 April 1970

 

Portugal and the Common Market

Dr. Franco Nogueira, former Foreign Minister, and now one of the deputies for Lisbon in the National Assembly, delivered his maiden speech to the Assembly on 7 April. His subject was the proposed entry of Portugal into the Common Market, a step that has been recently canvassed in Government circles.

 

Among his comments:

 

Now, not all is well with the European Economic Community. Britain, well informed and prudent, after weighing the political and economic pros and cons is today much less eager to belong to the Common Market than before.

 

Europe throughout history has never shown any great regard for Portugal’s welfare. When other countries intervened in Portuguese affairs it was to ensure their own interests.

 

Were Portugal to enter the Common Market under the proposed conditions, we would first be colonised by Europe; the next step would be the colonization of our overseas territories by Europe.

 

27 June 1970

Sandwich Bar

 

The Royal British Club is pleased to announce the inauguration of its new Sandwich Bar service on Monday, 29th June, where members and their guests will be most welcome.

 

Every Quarter we will provide a selection of key events that happened around 50 years ago. If you know of upcoming anniversaries related to Anglo-Portuguese relations please send the information in good time to the BHSP Librarian at library@bhsportugal.org

Members' News

In recent months we have been making great efforts to upload scanned copies of articles from our past annual reports. You can now read online articles from the British Historical Association published between 1937 and 1954 and from BHSP annual reports of 1981-2018. On the website please go to https://www.bhsportugal.org/library/articles 

or you can search at the top right of the page. Please let us know if you come across any errors or omissions by writing to library@bhsportugal.org

 

Prof. Rogério Miguel Puga writes to tell us that he has recently published the first versions of two extremely useful reference e-books on Anglo-Portuguese relations. They are

1) Chronology of Anglo-Portuguese RelationsCo-published by Network of Hispanic and Lusophone Cultural Studies (HLCS), University of Leeds (UK), and CETAPS  

Ebook: http://capr.fcsh.unl.pt

2) Thematic Bibliography of Anglo-Portuguese StudiesCo-published by the European Studies Programme, University of Guelph, Canada and CETAPS Lisbon). 

Ebook: http://bteap.fcsh.unl.pt

 

In addition to the articles in Newsletters and previous Annual Reports, you will also find some interesting pieces in the To Portugal, with Love section, which can be accessed by clicking on the link underneath the NEWS tab. These are being regularly added to.

We would be delighted to hear about items of news from members, however insignificant they may be. Of especial interest is news about books or articles that have been published by Members, or visits to historical sites or exhibitions of interest.

 

Answer to the Quiz: The azulejo of St. Peter is one of the decorative tiles of saints on the outside of the Palácio dos Condes da Guarda in Cascais. They are believed to be the only example in Portugal where panels with a religious theme have been applied to the façade of a civil, rather than religious, building. They are also believed to represent the largest collection of azulejos of saints on the exterior of any building.

 

The Palácio now houses the excellent Cascais municipal museum. Well worth a visit, although sadly closed at present due to the COVID-19 outbreak.

 

 

 

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Carcavelos, September, 2018

 

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