Claiborne de B. Pell
The Liberal Wars (1828-1834)
Portugal is often called England's oldest ally. In certain times of stress it has been her only ally. The bonds between the two have been gradually forged from the ties created by the marriage of Catherine of Braganza to Charles II and by the Methuen Treaty of 1703.
Not only has the direct influence of England always been felt in Portugal, but often the domestic political rivalries in England have had their repercussions in Portugal. This is especially evident in the determination of the Portuguese Wars of Succession. Their outcome hinged directly upon the great Whig victory in England of 1830, under the leadership of Earl Grey.
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