In September 1814 a notable battle took place between three Royal Navy ships and an American privateer in the harbour of Horta, on Faial island in the Azores. This battle, one of the last naval battles of the War of 1812 between Great Britain and the United States and one of the last naval battles between the two countries, came to hold a remarkable place in American history and became part of American folk history in the 19th century. It was widely accepted that this small naval action determined the outcome of the War of 1812, contributed to the defeat of the British army at the Battle of New Orleans, assured that the U.S. kept control of New Orleans and the Mississippi valley and ultimately resulted in the election of Andrew Jackson as President. But was that in fact the case?
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