Napoleon instructed Portugal to close its ports to Britain’s shipping, to confiscate British merchandise, arrest British subjects in Portugal and declare war on England. The Government played a double game, leading to an Invasion by French troops led by Junot (1771-1813). This was known as the 1st Invasion, and it took place along the Tagus Valley. Junot was awarded the title of Duke of Abrantes by Napoleon.
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